What is SVAMITVA Scheme and Property Card and how to get it ?
The Government of India has decided to implement the Central Sector scheme
“SVAMITVA”. The scheme aims to provide an integrated property validation solution
for rural India. The demarcation of abadi areas (the abadi area includes inhabitant
land, inhabited areas contiguous to Abadi and wadis/basties in rural areas ) would be
done using Drone Surveying technology, with the collaborative efforts of the Ministry
of Panchayati Raj, State Panchayati Raj Department, State Revenue Departments
and Survey of India.
This would provide the ‘record of rights’ to village household owners possessing
houses in inhabited rural areas in villages which, in turn, would enable them to use
their property as a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits from
Banks. Further, this would also enable updation of property and asset register to
strengthen tax collection and demand assessment process of Gram Panchayats.
Thus, the legal record of property holders and issuance of ‘Property Cards’ to
household owners based thereon would facilitate monetization of rural residential
assets for the purchase of credit and other financial services. This could also pave
the way for clear determination of property tax, which would accrue to the GPs
directly in States where it is devolved.
Apart from demarcation of individual rural property, other Gram Panchayat and
community assets like village roads, ponds, canals, open spaces, school,
Anganwadi, Health sub-centres, etc. would also be surveyed and GIS maps would
be created. Further, these GIS maps and spatial database would also help in
preparation of accurate work estimates for various works undertaken by Gram
Panchayats and other Departments of State Government. These can also be used to
prepare better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP
Need for the Scheme
Survey of rural land in India for Settlement and record of rights had last been
completed many decades back and moreover, ABADI (inhabited) area of villages
were not surveyed/ mapped in many States. Hence, in the absence of a legal
document, the owner of the property in the rural areas are not able to leverage
their own property as a financial asset acceptable by the banks for the purpose of
providing loans and other financial assistance. Therefore, to provide the legal
right of the property to the household owner, there is a need of latest Drone
Technology and Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) technology
for capturing images.
The Survey of India (SoI) prepares National Topographic database on all scales,
leveraging emerging technologies for topographical mapping at various scales as
per user requirements using Airborne-Photography, Satellite Imageries
(Stereo/Mono), Airborne-LIDAR, High Resolution Satellite Imageries (HRSI),
Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAV) or Drone platform with Optical/Infra-Red/LIDAR
sensors. High resolution mapping at very large scales for revenue, urban and
water resources requirements has been in forefront for the past 3-4 years and
SoI has evolved standard operating procedures for acquiring very high-resolution
aerial images and preparing very large-scale maps at 1:500/1,000 scale using
Drones. Mapping of the Rural habitations in partnership with various state
governments viz Maharashtra, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh etc
primarily for use as revenue maps to confer ownership rights has been
undertaken by SoI in the past 1-2 years. Based on these maps or data, property
cards have been issued to the citizens viz for Sonari village by govt of
Maharashtra and SIRSI village by govt of Haryana. The high resolution and
`accurate image base maps have facilitated creation of the most durable record
of property holdings in these areas with no legacy revenue records.
Objectives of the Scheme
The scheme seeks to achieve the following objectives: –
To bring financial stability to the citizens in rural India by enabling them to use
their property as a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits.
Creation of accurate land records for rural planning.
Determination of property tax, which would accrue to the GPs directly in
States where it is devolved or else, add to the State exchequer.
Creation of survey infrastructure and GIS maps that can be leveraged by any
department for their use.
To support in preparation of better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan
(GPDP) by making use of GIS maps.
To reduce property related disputes and legal cases
There are about 6.62 lakh villages in the country which will be eventually covered
in this scheme. The entire work is likely to be spread over a period of four years.
Presently, the pilot phase is being approved for the year 2020-21. Pilot Phase will
extend to six pilot States (Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra,
Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand) covering approx. 1 lakh villages and CORS
network establishment is planned for two States (Punjab And Rajasthan). Refer
Annexure I for the state wise count of villages covered under pilot phase. The
respective State Government would finalise the list of villages at the time of
signing MoU with Survey of India
*For the States, which have already done Abadi surveys, the scope and the process of
the survey will be decided in Phase II (post Pilot Phase), in consultation with the States
How to get the Property Card ?
Property card is the land record of ownership and history of ownership of the land
Step by step procedure to get your property card easily:
1. Visit Bhumi website
2. Choose your District.
3. Click on Malmta Ptrak
4. Choose your District again from down.
5. Click on View property card.
6. Select your Taluk and Village
7. Enter your Property number.
After that you have to make sure that its you.
So for POI you have to share your Aadhaar Card details as KYC.